The purpose of this Handbook is to provide specific directions and suggested recommendations to achieve good practices in the risk assessment, management and reintegration of radicalised offenders.
The present document provides practical information consistent with the importance of tailored risk assessments and interventions and the use of good prison and probation management principles pertaining to violent extremist offenders.
The long-term strategy of both prison and probation services should be the prevention of violent extremist offenders reoffending, the prevention of radicalisation in prison and probation settings, and the establishment of a long term preventative strategy within the criminal justice system.
The Handbook is addressed to managers and prison and probation staff. In particular, frontline prison and probation staff should find the key points and information provided in this Handbook to be of use in their professional interactions with this special population under their responsibility. It should also be relevant to those working with offenders who may be radicalised in prison.
CHAPTER TWO: VIOLENT EXTREMIST OFFENDERS AND THE RADICALISATION PROCESS
The spectrum of violent extremism; What is violent extremism?; Classification of violent extremists; Identifying violent extremists in the general prison and probation population; A disproportionate threat; Prospective foreign terrorist fighters; Returning foreign terrorist fighters
CHAPTER THREE: RISK ASSESSMENT OF VIOLENT EXTREMIST OFFENDERS AND RADICALISATION
The role of risk assessment of violent extremism for the work of prison and probation services; The need for specialised risk assessment tools for violent extremism; Suggested methodology for risk assessment of violent extremism; Differences in risk assessment objectives for violent extremism and radicalization; Risk trajectories and measureable change in violent extremism indicators over time; Control of bias in risk assessments; Assessment timelines in the prison and probation context; Screening assessments; Need for information sharing; Benefits and caveats of risk assessment for violent extremism
CHAPTER FOUR: MANAGING REHABILITATION OF VIOLENT EXTREMISTS IN PRISON AND PROBATION
Interventions; Probation supervision; General management of violent extremist offenders, Multi-agency cooperation and arrangements; Consideration of specific groups
CHAPTER FIVE: MANAGING SAFETY AND SECURITY OF VIOLENT EXTREMISTS IN PRISON AND PROBATION
Introduction, Dynamic security, Human rights and public opinion, Prison safety and security, Development of a specific strategy and policy package for violent extremist offenders, Segregation in special prisons and special wings for violent extremist offenders, Placement tools and decision mechanisms, Safety and security measures within the prison unit , Safety and security in probation
CHAPTER SIX: CONNECTING WITH FRIENDS, FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES
The importance of societal events and context, Co-operating with families and peers, Children and violent extremist offenders, Involving non-state practitioners in the rehabilitation process, Non-governmental and civil society organisations, Mentors, Religious representatives, Former violent extremists, Victims
CHAPTER SEVEN: CAPACITY BUILDING IN PRISON AND PROBATION
Introduction, Cost-effectiveness, Relevant skills and competences, Staff training, Training of interveners and assessors, Staff empowerment, Creating cooperation and knowledge, sharing networks, Research and evaluation
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE ON CRIME PROBLEMS
Council of Europe (2016, december, 1). Council Of Europe Handbook For Prison And Probation Services Regarding Radicalisation And Violent Extremism. European Committee on crime problems (CDPC) & Council for Penological co-operation (PC-CP)