This study began with a scoping review (to explore any current reviews in this area) followed by a two-stage systematic review identifying (a) any existing literature on burnout among individuals who work in corrections (stage one) and (b) associated interventions for burnout among workers in corrections and forensic psychiatric units, including psychiatric inpatient hospitals and veterans’ affairs organizations (stage two). The first stage explicitly examined burnout amongst forensic psychologists, psychiatrists, case workers, nurses, and correction officers on an individual and group level. The second stage involved the review of interventions developed to temper the negative impact of burnout revealed in stage one. Initial pilot searches to improve the sensitivity of each search term were conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA: Moher et al., 2009)
The purpose of this systematic review was to establish a better understanding of how burnout impacts professionals working in correctional settings and to provide a comprehensive review of the interventions used to alleviate the deleterious effects of burnout. This review is also meant to aid administrators in developing or integrating existing preventative measures to combat symptoms of burnout experienced by employees working in corrections.